Veenstra R., Lindenberg S., Zijlstra B.J.H., De Winter A.F., Verhulst F.C., Ormel J. › Trails

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The dyadic nature of bullying and victimization: Testing a dualperspective theory

Authors: Veenstra R., Lindenberg S., Zijlstra B.J.H., De Winter A.F., Verhulst F.C., Ormel J.

For this study, information on who bullies who and by whom are you bullied? was collected from 54 school classes with 918 children (M age =11) and 13,606 dyadic relations. Bullying and victimization were viewed separately from the point of view of the bully and the victim. The two perspectives were highly complementary. The probability of a bully-victim relationship was higher if the bully was more dominant than the victim, and if the victim was more vulnerable than the bully and more rejected by the class. In a bully-victim dyad, boys were more often the bullies. There was no finding of sex effect for victimization. Liking reduced and disliking increased the probability of a bully-victim relationship.

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